Het vakgebied Software Testen maakt gebruik van een internationaal jargon, waar de International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB) een rol speelt in het handhaven van een consistente uitleg van de termen en begrippen. We hebben voor u een doorzoekbaar mechanisme gerealiseerd waarmee u niet alleen de woorden kunt vinden, maar ook de definities ervan kunt doorzoeken.
Mocht u een begrip of definitie missen, laat het ons dan weten.
Standard Glossary of Terms used in Software Testing
Er zijn 31 termen in deze lijst die beginnen met de letter A.
An independent evaluation of software products or processes to ascertain compliance to standards, guidelines, specifications, and/or procedures based on objective criteria, including documents that specify: (1) the form or content of the products to be produced; (2) the process by which the products shall be produced; (3) how compliance to standards or guidelines shall be measured. [IEEE 1028]
Directed and focused attempt to evaluate the quality, especially reliability, of a test object by attempting to force specific failures to occur. See also negative testing.
Any condition that deviates from expectation based on requirements specifications, design documents, user documents, standards, etc. or from someone’s perception or experience. Anomalies may be found during, but not limited to, reviewing, testing, analysis, compilation, or use of software products or applicable documentation. [IEEE 1044] See also bug, defect, deviation, error, fault, failure, incident, problem.
The capability of the software product to provide the right or agreed results or effects with the needed degree of precision. [ISO 9126] See also functionality testing.
See static analyzer.
A person who conducts an assessment; any member of an assessment team.
abstract test case
See high level test case.
See acceptance testing.
The exit criteria that a component or system must satisfy in order to be accepted by a user, customer, or other authorized entity. [IEEE 610]
Formal testing with respect to user needs, requirements, and business processes conducted to determine whether or not a system satisfies the acceptance criteria and to enable the user, customers or other authorized entity to determine whether or not to accept the system. [After IEEE 610]
Testing to determine the ease by which users with disabilities can use a component or system. [Gerrard]
The process of testing to determine the accuracy of a software product
The phase within the IDEAL model where the improvements are developed, put into practice, and deployed across the organization. The acting phase consists of the activities: create solution, pilot/test solution, refine solution and implement solution. See also IDEAL.
action word driven testing
See keyword driven testing
See actual result.
The behavior produced/observed when a component or system is tested.
ad hoc review
See informal review.
ad hoc testing
Testing carried out informally; no formal test preparation takes place, no recognized test design technique is used, there are no expectations for results and arbitrariness guides the test execution activity.
The capability of the software product to be adapted for different specified environments without applying actions or means other than those provided for this purpose for the software considered. [ISO 9126] See also portability.
A statement on the values that underpin agile software development. The values are:
- individuals and interactions over processes and tools
- working software over comprehensive documentation
- customer collaboration over contract negotiation
- responding to change over following a plan.
agile software development
A group of software development methodologies based on iterative incremental development, where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing cross-functional teams.
Testing practice for a project using agile methodologies, such as extreme programming (XP), treating development as the customer of testing and emphasizing the test-first design paradigm. See also test driven development.
[TMap] See branch testing.
Simulated or actual operational testing by potential users/customers or an independent test team at the developers’ site, but outside the development organization. Alpha testing is often employed for off-the-shelf software as a form of internal acceptance testing.
The capability of the software product to be diagnosed for deficiencies or causes of failures in the software, or for the parts to be modified to be identified. [ISO 9126] See also maintainability.
See branch testing.
A document summarizing the assessment results, e.g. conclusions, recommendations and findings. See also process assessment.
The capability of the software product to be attractive to the user. [ISO 9126] See also usability.
A path by which the original input to a process (e.g. data) can be traced back through the process, taking the process output as a starting point. This facilitates defect analysis and allows a process audit to be carried out. [After TMap]
Testware used in automated testing, such as tool scripts.
The degree to which a component or system is operational and accessible when required for use. Often expressed as a percentage. [IEEE 610]